Edited by Sonia Valdivia and Guido Sonnemann and published by Edward Elgar Publishing, this handbook is a guide for effectively using current tools and methodologies to support well-informed decisions based on life cycle thinking.


Chapter 13 of the handbook was co-written by ecoinvent team members Emilia Moreno Ruiz (CTO), Thomas Sonderegger (Project Manager), and four other co-authors. Titled “Data for LCSA – State of the Art and Outlook,” this chapter delves into the intricate landscape of Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment (LCSA), shedding light on its three fundamental pillars— environmental, economic, and social— and exploring the evolving methodologies, data collection practices, and the unique challenges associated with each dimension. From navigating the complexities of data availability to discussing the nuances of Life Cycle Costing (LCC) and Social Life Cycle Assessment (S-LCA), this chapter offers invaluable insights into the current state of LCSA. It paves the way forward for its standardization and operationalization.

Download the open-access chapters of the handbook

This panel, launched by the Clean Hydrogen Partnership, aims to propel the EU hydrogen sector to the forefront of sustainable and circular technologies and value chains.


Hydrogen stands as a linchpin in the transition towards a climate-neutral economy, offering avenues for emission-free transport, heating, industrial processes, and inter-seasonal energy storage. However, realizing its full potential requires a holistic approach that addresses sustainability and circularity throughout its entire life cycle.


Antonio Valente is a member of Task Force 3, which focuses on the crucial aspect of hydrogen end uses, particularly in transport and stationary power generation. Their mission is to comprehensively tackle sustainability and circularity issues, aligning with policies and driving meaningful change in how we utilize hydrogen.


At ecoinvent, we understand the power of data-driven decision-making in fostering sustainability. Our database contains meticulously reviewed data that empowers organizations to make informed choices for a greener future. We’re proud to see Antonio Valente’s expertise contributing to such a pivotal initiative, and we’re confident that the insights generated by the European Hydrogen Sustainability and Circularity Panel will drive positive change within and beyond the hydrogen sector.


Antonio Valente has been selected as one of fifteen experts for the European Hydrogen Sustainability and Circularity Panel (EHS&CP)


The Panel’s activities, including monitoring project advancements, defining comprehensive approaches, and sharing recommendations, promise to shape a more sustainable and circular culture in hydrogen technologies. Together, we’re taking significant strides towards a cleaner, more sustainable future.

Learn more about the EHS&CP

This paper is co-authored by ecoinvent experts Antonio Valente, Carl Vadenbo, Simone Fazio, Thomas Sonderegger, and six other collaborators.


In the mission to advance Life Cycle Assessment, the accessibility and interoperability of data remain paramount. The Global LCA Data Access (GLAD) network, a collaborative effort within the Life Cycle Initiative (hosted by United Nations Environmental Programme), has been pivotal in addressing these challenges. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of the GLAD Nomenclature Working Group’s (NWG) methodology for mapping elementary flows among major nomenclature systems, including those used in ecoinvent, Environmental Footprint, IDEA, and the U.S. Federal LCA Commons. Led by our team members, the NWG developed a robust procedure and criteria for these mappings, emphasizing the importance of multilateral agreement and iterative reviews.


Key highlights from the paper include:

  • Methodology: Detailed process involving flow and compartment matches, supported by the “GLAD Mapper Tool.”
  • Results: Achieving high coverage (>90%) across nomenclature systems, with emphasis on substance uniqueness and environmental compartment granularity.
  • Insights: Importance of approximated matches for enhanced interoperability.
  • Conclusions: A significant step towards a unified nomenclature system, fostering greater interoperability, accessibility, and traceability in LCA data.


This work underscores our commitment to openness and collaboration and signifies a crucial advancement in the global LCA community. By promoting interoperability and data accessibility, we pave the way for a more sustainable future.

Read the full paper here


This year, we’re particularly proud of the growth and evolution of our team, which has expanded to 60 passionate professionals. To celebrate the impressive group of people who make up our organization, we came together in Zürich this month to spread festive cheer and share gratitude.



Thank you for being part of our community. As we look ahead to 2024, we’re excited about the future. Here’s to a new year of growth, collaboration, and positive impact!

Watch the highlights from our office holiday celebrations in the video below:

Interested in joining our team? We’re hiring! Check out our open positions and apply today.


As part of our anniversary celebrations, we asked Dr. Roland Hischier, President of the Board, to share his reflections on the organization’s journey thus far. Dr. Hischier has been involved in ecoinvent activities for over 20 years. In this video, he delves into the creation and evolution of the database, highlighting our achievements and contributions to promoting data-driven sustainability decisions worldwide.


Since its inception in 2003, our database has been a crucial tool providing reliable, high-quality data for life cycle assessments. Join us in this celebratory moment as we look back on 20 years of innovation and look forward to continuing our mission into the future.

Watch the full video below:

Explore the latest version of the ecoinvent database today.

As a global player with a presence in over 80 countries, Thermoplan has been a family-owned and operated business for 50 years. Blending Swiss craftsmanship and environmental consciousness, Thermoplan has incorporated sustainability as a central part of the company’s commitment to quality in producing fully automatic coffee machines for professional use.


Thermoplan utilizes comprehensive life cycle assessments powered by the ecoinvent database to gauge the environmental impact of their coffee machines. In this interview, Matteo Trachsel, Head of Sustainability at Thermoplan, sheds light on the pivotal role of ecoinvent data in shaping sustainable practices within the company, exemplifying how life cycle assessments are critical tools for fostering a greener future across various sectors.


Matteo Trachsel


Can you tell us about Thermoplan, its core business activities, and what motivated the company to focus on environmental sustainability?


At Thermoplan, we develop and produce fully automatic coffee machines for the B2B business, whether for the catering industry or other companies. We stand for the highest Swiss quality. As a family business founded in 1974, we are globally active and supply customers in over 80 countries. We achieve this with more than 200 certified sales and service partners worldwide. At our headquarters in Weggis, in the canton of Lucerne, we employ over 500 people.


Enjoying premium coffee and producing the highest-quality fully-automatic coffee machines is a luxury. Thermoplan is doing its part to ensure that future generations can enjoy these same privileges. Building on the three pillars of people, product, and planet, we respect each other, optimize and reduce resources where appropriate, and improve our products to benefit our customers and the environment with the help of the latest technologies. We are committed to fair social and environmental conditions throughout the supply chain.


How did the partnership with ecoinvent come about, and how does Thermoplan utilize ecoinvent data to enhance its sustainability practices?


During the calculation of our first corporate carbon footprint for 2019, together with the support of Carbotech, we came into contact with ecoinvent for the first time. Soon after, we decided to bring the knowledge of calculating corporate carbon footprint and life cycle assessment in-house. We bought our own license and used your data with Brightway and activity browser.


Can you elaborate on how Thermoplan integrates Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodologies into its product development and operational processes?


Life cycle assessments are integral to our development process for new machines. Since the first screening LCA, where we found that the use phase of our machines is critical in terms of emissions, we have also used the results for our Technology and Innovation Center to set directions. We see that the life cycle assessment results are essential information for us, our customers, or when we participate in tenders. For this reason, we are very transparent about the results and emissions of our coffee machines. We want to share the results of our LCA with our customers and let them know where we have improved and where they can influence the emissions themselves.


How crucial is high-quality and transparent data, like that provided by ecoinvent, in making informed sustainability decisions at Thermoplan?


Without a database with high-quality and reliable data like ecoinvent, it would be almost impossible for us as a smaller company to calculate LCA. Most of the emissions data we use comes from secondary data like ecoinvent, as we see that most of our suppliers are not yet ready to provide us with primary data. Based on this average data from ecoinvent, which we consider to be very accurate because it represents an average of the market, we are quietly making big decisions about optimizing our coffee machines in the future.


Can you provide specific examples of how ecoinvent data has influenced Thermoplan’s business decisions?


Based on the ecoinvent data and the results of our LCAs, we allocate resources in our Technology and Innovation Center to work on new optimizations of our machines regarding the use phase. We have also launched major research projects with universities based on these results.


Thermoplan coffee machines


In what ways has the application of LCA contributed to reducing the environmental impact of Thermoplan’s products and operations?


We have already implemented some new software features in our machines that will allow us to save up to 20% of our energy consumption. We have also implemented many initiatives, called ImpactProjects, to optimize our corporate carbon footprint. We optimized our inbound logistics by switching to a single logistics partner. We achieved significant energy savings by installing LED lights on all factory floors. We installed 25 EV charging stations and car-sharing parking in the best location for our employees’ commuting emissions. Most of these impact projects are prioritized based on the results of our corporate carbon footprint calculations.


What are some of the challenges Thermoplan has faced in implementing sustainable practices, and how has the company’s approach evolved over the years?


Implementing sustainable practices is always a change process, like any new requirement in an organization. It is important to have support from the top down and to get early adopters up to speed. Our goal in sustainability is to have a deep implementation in the company. It takes a little more time, but it’s the only way to have a sustainable business.


What metrics or KPIs does Thermoplan use to measure its sustainability progress?


When we look at our corporate carbon footprint, we always calculate both the carbon footprint and the ecological scarcity (UBP). Both impact categories have the same key points, and we only use carbon emissions for internal and external communication for simplicity. We have an internal dashboard, which we update monthly, that shows our emissions for all Scope 1-3 topics. This dashboard also shows us if we are on track with our reduction plan and is presented to executive management every quarter. For our products, we also use carbon emissions as a key indicator. We transparently communicate these emissions to our customers, who include them in their carbon accounting.


What are Thermoplan’s short-term and long-term sustainability goals?


Our sustainability covers all areas of sustainability: people, product, and planet. We have directions and subdirections in all three and set targets for each. The most straightforward topic to set targets and measure is related to our products and the planet with carbon reduction targets. We will reduce our emissions by 50% until 2030 compared to the base year 2019, and we will be net zero by 2050.


How is the commitment to sustainability reflected in Thermoplan’s corporate culture?


Sustainability is firmly anchored in our corporate culture. We have made our packaging and transportation more environmentally friendly. At Thermoplan, employees are regularly informed about sustainability in the company and receive regular training. This way, employees from all areas are involved in sustainability and experience progress.


How does Thermoplan engage its stakeholders in its sustainability journey?


We see sustainability as adding value for all stakeholders, specifically for our customers. We have large corporations as customers that have ambitious carbon reduction targets. If you look at the emissions of large coffee chains, the primary emissions of their footprint go through our machines, where we have an opportunity to make it better or worse. By reducing the emissions of our products, we have a direct impact on their carbon footprint. This puts us in an important position. To show our improvements and the carbon emissions of our machines, we have published a Product Environmental Report for all our machines, which is publicly available on our website. In this report, we show emissions at the part level.


Looking forward, how do you see the role of LCA and the use of comprehensive data evolving in Thermoplan’s sustainability strategy?


We definitely see our data-driven approach to sustainability becoming more important in the future. With this approach, we can argue why we are developing certain features and machines based on reliable data like ecoinvent. Having correct and consistent data over time is also crucial for our carbon reduction path.



What advice would you give to other companies looking to integrate sustainability into their business model?


When integrating sustainability into your business model, the most important thing to consider is how you can deliver real value to your customers and the environment. This is often easier said than done. A detailed understanding of emissions and customer needs is key to provide real value. New business models can be implemented that, for example, help achieve an effective circular economy.


On a personal note, what does leading sustainability efforts at Thermoplan mean to you?


As in every job I do, passion is the most important thing. At Thermoplan, I can combine my passion with my daily work. My passion goes to building new things, like implementing new indicators and strategies in a company and motivating people to achieve something together. On the other hand, I often ski or climb in the mountains, and I see the direct impact of climate change. I also hear many people saying we should do something, and with my job, I can now make a real impact, even on a small scale.


Learn more about Thermoplan’s products and sustainability initiatives on their website.

This video presents the key highlights of v3.10:

We’ll be hosting two webinars in the new year to provide an introduction to version 3.10. Join us on one of the dates below:


Tuesday, January 16, 2024 | 16:00 – 16:45 CET | Register here


Thursday, January 18, 2024 | 10:00 – 10:45 CET | Register here


This release underscores our dedication to providing the most accurate and up-to-date environmental data for sustainable decision-making.


Explore everything that version 3.10 has to offer.

Written by our experts Emilia Moreno Ruiz, Lucia Valsasina, Carl Vadenbo, and Avraam Symeonidis, the article offers a comprehensive look at the development, core features, and global influence of the ecoinvent LCI database. They offer insights into how ecoinvent has been an instrumental tool in shaping sustainable decision-making and environmental assessments globally.


This year marks a significant milestone for our organization as we celebrate a decade of growth and advancement since the establishment of the ecoinvent association, and twenty impactful years since our first release.


Read the full article for an engaging overview of ecoinvent’s journey and our ongoing commitment to enhancing the database. With objectives like improving user-friendliness, facilitating data exchange, and collaborating with international data providers, we’re set to further empower the LCA community.


We would like to thank the Institute of Life Cycle Assessment, Japan (ILCAJ) for their collaboration.


Click here to access the article.

This compelling event solidified the viewpoint that leveraging data in sustainability reporting is not just a regulatory requirement; it’s a strategy to gain a competitive edge. It will become increasingly critical for businesses to begin gathering and reporting data, as the European Union is actively formulating regulations to ensure that environmental statements are data-backed. Consequently, this will mandate compliance from Swiss firms, whether due to their direct influence or as part of another entity’s scope 3 emissions. Insights from various companies, big and small, underscore the importance of maintaining transparency and fostering cooperation when it comes to sustainability data.


Highlights from the evening included:


  • Baptiste Carriere-Pradal of 2BPolicy provided a thorough overview of crucial EU sustainability reporting policies, including CSRD, the Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence Directive, EU Green Claims, and ESPR Principles. His presentation served as a valuable guide to the current status of climate policy in the EU.
  • Nic Meyer, CEO of ecoinvent, highlighted the growing importance of high-quality, transparent data in the wake of increasing regulations. His vision of “More regulation means more data” underscores the changing landscape of performance metrics and emerging opportunities.
  • Res Witschi of Swisscom gave insights into Swisscom’s approach to embedding sustainability into their core strategy, notably their digitalization of carbon footprint data, aiming for a tangible reduction in their environmental impact.
  • Matteo Trachsel of Thermoplan shared how this Swiss family business integrates sustainability at every level, particularly through life cycle assessments of all their machines – a testament to their environmental commitment.
  • Simone Thompson of CLIMADA Technologies spoke about fostering a global mindset shift towards sustainable business practices, underlying the vision and mission of her company.


A panel discussion moderated by Marion Gloor of Swisscom brought together these varied perspectives. The dialogue delved into the nuances of data availability, the mixed bag of challenges and opportunities posed by impending EU regulations, strategies for effective measurement, and the crucial aspect of delivering customer value through sustainability data.


Our heartfelt thanks to GreenBuzz Zurich for their support in making this event not just a success but also a wellspring of knowledge and inspiration.


We left the event energized, better informed, and ready to face the challenges and opportunities presented by the ongoing developments in sustainability reporting. Let’s keep the conversation going to turn these insights into actions!

Waste management is at the heart of sustainability. With modern economies producing increasing volumes of waste, it’s crucial to ensure proper treatment and disposal to protect our ecosystems and human health. The ecoinvent database features hundreds of datasets dedicated to waste management, covering a wide range of sectors.


This sector is not only about waste disposal; it’s a multifaceted world. It encompasses solid waste management (SWM) and wastewater treatment (WWT), with more than 50 countries represented. As industries move towards greener practices, waste management increasingly intertwines with other sectors like recycling, energy production, and product design.


The ecoinvent database classifies waste products based on their treatment needs, making it easier to model their environmental impact. It includes various waste types, from municipal solid waste to plastics and glass. Emissions, chemicals, energy inputs, infrastructure, and by-products are all considered for a holistic view of waste management.


Three primary treatment methods are covered: mechanical (sorting), thermal (incineration), and biological (composting). Recycling data covers the production of secondary materials, while disposal datasets account for various methods like landfilling.


ecoinvent’s WWT sub-sector includes data for more than 20 different wastewater treatments, accommodating a wide range of industrial processes. Direct emissions, materials, energy inputs, infrastructure, and relevant by-products are modeled for a comprehensive understanding.


What’s more, all the tools used for modeling these datasets are freely accessible, allowing users to create specific treatments and waste scenarios. This data supports life cycle assessments, carbon footprint calculations, and Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs) for a variety of products and services.

Explore the waste management and recycling sector of the ecoinvent database to discover how our data supports sustainable waste management possibilities for a greener future.